As part of their Disobedient Objects, Exhibition at Victoria and Albert Museum, Which explores the role of objects in social movements, the museum has released downloadable guides on how to make improvised tools used by protestors.
How to Guide – Makeshift Tear-Gas Mask
Handmade gas masks were an essential response to police actions during the 2013 mass protests in Istanbul. These events saw the Turkish government release a record amount of tear gas to disperse demonstrators. Protesters devised a way to protect themselves with basic materials like plastic bottles, elastic, and strips of insulation foam.
Since 2013, the idea spread and handmade gas masks have appeared on protestors as far away as Caracas, Venezuela.